Terminology for Grade Three

adagio slowly largamente broadly
andante at an easy walking pace larghetto rather broadly
moderato at a moderate speed prestissimo extremely fast, or as fast as possible
allegro cheerful and fast con moto with movement
presto very fast
lento slowly
largo broadly
allegretto moderately fast
vivace lively, fast
vivo alive, lively
Modifications of Tempo
accelerando (accel.) gradually becoming faster
rallentando (rall.) gradually becoming slower
ritardando (rit.) gradually becoming slower
ritenuto (riten.) (rit.) held back
a tempo return to former speed
allargando becoming broader
piu mosso quicker
meno mosso slower
crescendo (cres.) (cresc.) gradually becoming louder calando getting softer and slower
decrescendo (decres.) (decresc.) gradually becoming softer morendo dying away
diminuendo (dim.) gradually becoming softer forte-piano (fp) loud then immediately
forte (f) loud sforzando (sf) (sfz) a strong accent
piano (p) soft
pianissimo (pp) very soft
fortissimo (ff) very loud
mezzo forte (mf) moderately loud
mezzo piano (mp) moderately soft
Other Terms
legato smoothly, well connected con anima with feeling
staccato detached, short con brio with spirit
maestoso majestic con grazia with grace
sostenuto sustained con forza with force
sempre always dolce sweetly
poco a little risoluto with resolution
molto very ben marcato well marked
senza without main droite (m.d.) right hand
cantabile in a singing style main gauche (m.g.) left hand
leggiero lightly una corda with the soft pedal
fine the end tre corde release the soft pedal
dal segno from the sign ad libitum at pleasure, quite freely
da capo al fine from the beginning to the word fine opus a work or group of works
mezzo staccato moderately short and detached loco at normal pitch
agitato with agitation (after an 8ve sign)
attacca to go on at once
animato with animation
tranquillo calmly